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Open government is all about transparency of government actions, the accessibility of government services and information and the responsiveness of government to new ideas, demands and needs.

Together, these three building blocks are seen to support a number of benefits for government and societies.

It is now widely acknowledged that greater transparency benefits not only citizens but also the government by prompting better record management and making decisions and services more efficient. This also serves as a safeguard against misgovernment and corruption.

Ethical Dilemma

Despite the obvious and undeniable benefits that come from increased government transparency, few scholars have questioned the moral certitude behind such encouragement of transparency, questioning the foundations upon which the very advocacy rests. Of course, there will always be some information that governments will not release.

Every government has a duty to obey the law when it comes to security and the privacy of individuals. But a question of common understanding of this relationship as to the secrecy and transparency will always stare at the visage of government.

Internet as medium of democracy

When a citizen wants to voice his/her concerns to the government or connect with state representatives he/she has to shift through endless barriers of red tape. The Internet has several characteristics which encourage key decision makers to embrace it as a means of political communication.

The Internet doesn’t have centralized control so it’s possible for n number of people to communicate at the same time. The Internet is hugely libertarian and it encourages free speech and open honest feedback. The newsrooms, specialized chat groups and MUDs are all potential political communication tools.

The world wide web is universal, accessible and inexpensive; three facts which make it a perfect medium for e-democracy.